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Farmer's Problem

Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy, it contributes the entire economic growth of the country and determines the standard of life for more than 50% of the Indian population.

Agriculture contributes somewhere about 14% to the overall GDP but its impact is felt in the manufacturing sector and service sector as the rural population has become a significant consumer of goods and services in the last couple of decades.

Jawahar Lal Nehru once said that everything else can wait but not agriculture. However agriculture sector still suffers from distress even after 70 years of independence.

In recent time the condition of Indian agriculture is not up to the mark the farmers are facing so many problems and challenges in many ways which are discussed below:-

1. INSTABILITY:
Indian agriculture totally depends upon monsoon. As a result, production of crops and food products is not constant every year. At times in single year there is abun¬dant output of cereals and next year is followed by acute shortage. This leads to disruption in price income and employment.

2. SMALL LANDHOLDING:
Due to small landholding, most of the farmers have a very limited earning and hardly find any money to invest in their land. Further repeated use of land without proper agricultural techniques, lack of capital investment and outdated technology makes land less productive.

3. UNORGANIZED AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY:
Indian agricultural sector is completely unorganized. There is lack of planning and unsystematic organisation who do not care cultivation, irrigation, harvesting etc.
As well the minimum purchase price set by the government do not reach the poorest farmer.


4. EXPLOITATION OF FARMERS/AGRICULTURAL MARKETING:
Agricultural marketing condition in India is extremely bad. Exploitation by the middlemen is the reason for not getting the best price for the produce of the agriculturists. Farmers are forced, to carry on low sale of their produce. Farmers mostly send their produce to the money lenders from whom they borrow money.

5. SEEDS:
Seed the basic and the most important input for achieving higher crop yields and constant growth in agricultural production. Unfortunately, good quality seeds are out of reach of the majority of farmers, especially small and marginal farmers mainly because of increased price of seeds.

6. IRRIGATION:
Irrigation is the most important part of agriculture in a country like India where monsoon is uncertain and unpredictable .India is the second largest irrigated country. We will not see any sustainable growth in agriculture unless more than half of the cropped area is brought under irrigation.

7. SOIL EROSION:
It is another major reason because due to soil erosion by wind and water most of the large fertile land suffer. Thus the area must be properly treated and maintained.

8. INADEQUATE TRANSPORT:
One of the severe problem with Indian agriculture is the Lack of cheap and efficient means of transportation. There are so many villages in India which are still not connected with the main roads, during rainy season the farmers are not able to carry their produce to the main market and are forced to sell at lower price in the local market.

9. LACK OF STORAGE FACILITIES:
Storage facilities in the rural areas is somewhere equal to null. In such conditions the farmers are forced to sell their produce immediately after the harvest at the current market prices which tends to be low which effects the income of the farmers.

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